「BZOJ1646」[Usaco2007 Open] Catch That Cow 抓住那只牛

2014年4月12日2,7090

Description

Farmer John has been informed of the location of a fugitive cow and wants to catch her immediately. He starts at a point N (0 <= N <= 100,000) on a number line and the cow is at a point K (0 <= K <= 100,000) on the same number line. Farmer John has two modes of transportation: walking and teleporting. * Walking: FJ can move from any point X to the points X-1 or X+1 in a single minute * Teleporting: FJ can move from any point X to the point 2*X in a single minute. If the cow, unaware of its pursuit, does not move at all, how long does it take for Farmer John to retrieve it?

农夫约翰被通知，他的一只奶牛逃逸了！所以他决定，马上幽发，尽快把那只奶牛抓回来．
他们都站在数轴上．约翰在N(O≤N≤100000)处，奶牛在K(O≤K≤100000)处．约翰有

那么，约翰需要多少时间抓住那只牛呢？

Input

* Line 1: Two space-separated integers: N and K

仅有两个整数N和K.

Output

* Line 1: The least amount of time, in minutes, it takes for Farmer John to catch the fugitive cow.

最短的时间．

Sample Input

5 17
Farmer John starts at point 5 and the fugitive cow is at point 17.

Sample Output

4

OUTPUT DETAILS:

The fastest way for Farmer John to reach the fugitive cow is to
move along the following path: 5-10-9-18-17, which takes 4 minutes.

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