Fair Photography [Brian Dean, 2014]

2015年1月5日1,0130

http://218.5.5.242:9018/JudgeOnline/problem.php?id=1592

题目描述

Farmer John’s N cows (1 <= N <= 100,000) are standing at various positions along
a long one-dimensional fence.  The ith cow is standing at position x_i (an
integer in the range 0…1,000,000,000) and has breed b_i (either ‘G’ for
Guernsey or ‘H’ for Holstein).  No two cows occupy the same position.

FJ wants to take a photo of a contiguous interval of cows for the county
fair, but we wants all of his breeds to be fairly represented in the photo.
Therefore, he wants to ensure that, for whatever breeds are present in the
photo, there is an equal number of each breed (for example, a photo with
all Holsteins is ok, a photo with 27 Holsteins and 27 Guernseys is ok, but a
photo with 10 Holsteins and 9 Guernseys is not ok).  Help FJ take his fair
photo by finding the maximum size of a photo that satisfies FJ’s
constraints.  The size of a photo is the difference between the maximum and
minimum positions of the cows in the photo.  It is possible that FJ could
end up taking a photo of just a single cow, in which case this photo would
have size zero.

PROBLEM NAME: fairphoto

输入

* Line 1: The integer N.

* Lines 2..1+N: Line i+1 contains x_i and b_i.

输出

* Line 1: A single integer indicating the maximum size of a fair   photo.

样例输入

样例输出

提示

INPUT DETAILS:

There are six cows with breeds (from left to right) G, H, G, G, H, G.

OUTPUT DETAILS:

The largest fair photo Farmer John can take is of the middle 4 cows,containing 2 Holsteins and 2 Guernseys.

题解

两种牛数量相等用1,-1累加和。。。

再考虑全都是一种牛的情况